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InFlightReq

Limiting the Number of Simultaneous In-Flight Requests

InFlightReq

To proactively prevent services from being overwhelmed with high load, the number of allowed simultaneous in-flight requests can be limited.

Configuration Examples

labels:
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.amount=10"
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: Middleware
metadata:
  name: test-inflightreq
spec:
  inFlightReq:
    amount: 10
# Limiting to 10 simultaneous connections
- "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.amount=10"
"labels": {
  "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.amount": "10"
}
# Limiting to 10 simultaneous connections
labels:
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.amount=10"
# Limiting to 10 simultaneous connections
[http.middlewares]
  [http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inFlightReq]
    amount = 10
# Limiting to 10 simultaneous connections
http:
  middlewares:
    test-inflightreq:
      inFlightReq:
        amount: 10

Configuration Options

amount

The amount option defines the maximum amount of allowed simultaneous in-flight request. The middleware responds with HTTP 429 Too Many Requests if there are already amount requests in progress (based on the same sourceCriterion strategy).

labels:
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.amount=10"
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: Middleware
metadata:
  name: test-inflightreq
spec:
  inFlightReq:
    amount: 10
# Limiting to 10 simultaneous connections
- "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.amount=10"
"labels": {
  "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.amount": "10"
}
# Limiting to 10 simultaneous connections
labels:
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.amount=10"
# Limiting to 10 simultaneous connections
[http.middlewares]
  [http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inFlightReq]
    amount = 10
# Limiting to 10 simultaneous connections
http:
  middlewares:
    test-inflightreq:
      inFlightReq:
        amount: 10

sourceCriterion

The sourceCriterion option defines what criterion is used to group requests as originating from a common source. The precedence order is ipStrategy, then requestHeaderName, then requestHost. If none are set, the default is to use the requestHost.

sourceCriterion.ipStrategy

The ipStrategy option defines two parameters that configures how Traefik determines the client IP: depth, and excludedIPs.

ipStrategy.depth

The depth option tells Traefik to use the X-Forwarded-For header and select the IP located at the depth position (starting from the right).

  • If depth is greater than the total number of IPs in X-Forwarded-For, then the client IP is empty.
  • depth is ignored if its value is less than or equal to 0.

Example of Depth & X-Forwarded-For

If depth is set to 2, and the request X-Forwarded-For header is "10.0.0.1,11.0.0.1,12.0.0.1,13.0.0.1" then the "real" client IP is "10.0.0.1" (at depth 4) but the IP used as the criterion is "12.0.0.1" (depth=2).

X-Forwarded-For depth clientIP
"10.0.0.1,11.0.0.1,12.0.0.1,13.0.0.1" 1 "13.0.0.1"
"10.0.0.1,11.0.0.1,12.0.0.1,13.0.0.1" 3 "11.0.0.1"
"10.0.0.1,11.0.0.1,12.0.0.1,13.0.0.1" 5 ""
labels:
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.ipstrategy.depth=2"
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: Middleware
metadata:
  name: test-inflightreq
spec:
  inFlightReq:
    sourceCriterion:
      ipStrategy:
        depth: 2
- "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.ipstrategy.depth=2"
"labels": {
  "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.ipstrategy.depth": "2"
}
labels:
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.ipstrategy.depth=2"
[http.middlewares]
  [http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq]
    [http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inFlightReq.sourceCriterion.ipStrategy]
      depth = 2
http:
  middlewares:
    test-inflightreq:
      inFlightReq:
        sourceCriterion:
          ipStrategy:
            depth: 2
ipStrategy.excludedIPs

excludedIPs configures Traefik to scan the X-Forwarded-For header and select the first IP not in the list.

If depth is specified, excludedIPs is ignored.

Example of ExcludedIPs & X-Forwarded-For

X-Forwarded-For excludedIPs clientIP
"10.0.0.1,11.0.0.1,12.0.0.1,13.0.0.1" "12.0.0.1,13.0.0.1" "11.0.0.1"
"10.0.0.1,11.0.0.1,12.0.0.1,13.0.0.1" "15.0.0.1,13.0.0.1" "12.0.0.1"
"10.0.0.1,11.0.0.1,12.0.0.1,13.0.0.1" "10.0.0.1,13.0.0.1" "12.0.0.1"
"10.0.0.1,11.0.0.1,12.0.0.1,13.0.0.1" "15.0.0.1,16.0.0.1" "13.0.0.1"
"10.0.0.1,11.0.0.1" "10.0.0.1,11.0.0.1" ""
labels:
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.ipstrategy.excludedips=127.0.0.1/32, 192.168.1.7"
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: Middleware
metadata:
  name: test-inflightreq
spec:
  inFlightReq:
    sourceCriterion:
      ipStrategy:
        excludedIPs:
        - 127.0.0.1/32
        - 192.168.1.7
- "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.ipstrategy.excludedips=127.0.0.1/32, 192.168.1.7"
"labels": {
  "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.ipstrategy.excludedips": "127.0.0.1/32, 192.168.1.7"
}
labels:
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.ipstrategy.excludedips=127.0.0.1/32, 192.168.1.7"
[http.middlewares]
  [http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq]
    [http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inFlightReq.sourceCriterion.ipStrategy]
      excludedIPs = ["127.0.0.1/32", "192.168.1.7"]
http:
  middlewares:
    test-inflightreq:
      inFlightReq:
        sourceCriterion:
          ipStrategy:
            excludedIPs:
              - "127.0.0.1/32"
              - "192.168.1.7"

sourceCriterion.requestHeaderName

Name of the header used to group incoming requests.

labels:
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.requestheadername=username"
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: Middleware
metadata:
  name: test-inflightreq
spec:
  inFlightReq:
    sourceCriterion:
      requestHeaderName: username
- "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.requestheadername=username"
"labels": {
  "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.requestheadername": "username"
}
labels:
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.requestheadername=username"
[http.middlewares]
  [http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq]
    [http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inFlightReq.sourceCriterion]
      requestHeaderName = "username"
http:
  middlewares:
    test-inflightreq:
      inFlightReq:
        sourceCriterion:
          requestHeaderName: username

sourceCriterion.requestHost

Whether to consider the request host as the source.

labels:
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.requesthost=true"
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: Middleware
metadata:
  name: test-inflightreq
spec:
  inFlightReq:
    sourceCriterion:
      requestHost: true
- "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.requesthost=true"
"labels": {
  "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.requesthost": "true"
}
labels:
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq.sourcecriterion.requesthost=true"
[http.middlewares]
  [http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inflightreq]
    [http.middlewares.test-inflightreq.inFlightReq.sourceCriterion]
      requestHost = true
http:
  middlewares:
    test-inflightreq:
      inFlightReq:
        sourceCriterion:
          requestHost: true