Traefik & ECS

A Story of Labels & Elastic Containers

Attach labels to your containers and let Traefik do the rest!

Routing Configuration

labels

  • labels are case insensitive.
  • The complete list of labels can be found the reference page

General

Traefik creates, for each elastic service, a corresponding service and router.

The Service automatically gets a server per elastic container, and the router gets a default rule attached to it, based on the service name.

Routers

To update the configuration of the Router automatically attached to the service, add labels starting with traefik.routers.{name-of-your-choice}. and followed by the option you want to change.

For example, to change the rule, you could add the label traefik.http.routers.my-service.rule=Host(`example.com`).

The character @ is not authorized in the router name <router_name>.

traefik.http.routers.<router_name>.rule

See rule for more information.

traefik.http.routers.myrouter.rule=Host(`example.com`)
traefik.http.routers.<router_name>.entrypoints

See entry points for more information.

traefik.http.routers.myrouter.entrypoints=web,websecure
traefik.http.routers.<router_name>.middlewares

See middlewares and middlewares overview for more information.

traefik.http.routers.myrouter.middlewares=auth,prefix,cb
traefik.http.routers.<router_name>.service

See rule for more information.

traefik.http.routers.myrouter.service=myservice
traefik.http.routers.<router_name>.tls

See tls for more information.

traefik.http.routers.myrouter>.tls=true
traefik.http.routers.<router_name>.tls.certresolver

See certResolver for more information.

traefik.http.routers.myrouter.tls.certresolver=myresolver
traefik.http.routers.<router_name>.tls.domains[n].main

See domains for more information.

traefik.http.routers.myrouter.tls.domains[0].main=example.org
traefik.http.routers.<router_name>.tls.domains[n].sans

See domains for more information.

traefik.http.routers.myrouter.tls.domains[0].sans=test.example.org,dev.example.org
traefik.http.routers.<router_name>.tls.options

See options for more information.

traefik.http.routers.myrouter.tls.options=foobar
traefik.http.routers.<router_name>.priority

See priority for more information.

traefik.http.routers.myrouter.priority=42

Services

To update the configuration of the Service automatically attached to the service, add labels starting with traefik.http.services.{name-of-your-choice}., followed by the option you want to change.

For example, to change the passHostHeader behavior, you'd add the label traefik.http.services.{name-of-your-choice}.loadbalancer.passhostheader=false.

The character @ is not authorized in the service name <service_name>.

traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.server.port

Registers a port. Useful when the service exposes multiples ports.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.server.port=8080
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.server.scheme

Overrides the default scheme.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.server.scheme=http
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.passhostheader

See pass Host header for more information.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.passhostheader=true
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.healthcheck.headers.<header_name>

See health check for more information.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.healthcheck.headers.X-Foo=foobar
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.healthcheck.hostname

See health check for more information.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.healthcheck.hostname=example.org
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.healthcheck.interval

See health check for more information.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.healthcheck.interval=10
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.healthcheck.path

See health check for more information.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.healthcheck.path=/foo
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.healthcheck.port

See health check for more information.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.healthcheck.port=42
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.healthcheck.scheme

See health check for more information.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.healthcheck.scheme=http
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.healthcheck.timeout

See health check for more information.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.healthcheck.timeout=10
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.healthcheck.followredirects

See health check for more information.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.healthcheck.followredirects=true
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.sticky

See sticky sessions for more information.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.sticky=true
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.sticky.cookie.httponly

See sticky sessions for more information.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.sticky.cookie.httponly=true
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.sticky.cookie.name

See sticky sessions for more information.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.sticky.cookie.name=foobar
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.sticky.cookie.secure

See sticky sessions for more information.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.sticky.cookie.secure=true
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.sticky.cookie.samesite

See sticky sessions for more information.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.sticky.cookie.samesite=none
traefik.http.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.responseforwarding.flushinterval

See response forwarding for more information.

FlushInterval specifies the flush interval to flush to the client while copying the response body.

traefik.http.services.myservice.loadbalancer.responseforwarding.flushinterval=10

Middleware

You can declare pieces of middleware using labels starting with traefik.http.middlewares.{name-of-your-choice}., followed by the middleware type/options.

For example, to declare a middleware redirectscheme named my-redirect, you'd write traefik.http.middlewares.my-redirect.redirectscheme.scheme: https.

More information about available middlewares in the dedicated middlewares section.

The character @ is not authorized in the middleware name.

Declaring and Referencing a Middleware
# ...
# Declaring a middleware
traefik.http.middlewares.my-redirect.redirectscheme.scheme=https
# Referencing a middleware
traefik.http.routers.my-service.middlewares=my-redirect

Conflicts in Declaration

If you declare multiple middleware with the same name but with different parameters, the middleware fails to be declared.

TCP

You can declare TCP Routers and/or Services using labels.

Declaring TCP Routers and Services
traefik.tcp.routers.my-router.rule=HostSNI(`example.com`)
traefik.tcp.routers.my-router.tls=true
traefik.tcp.services.my-service.loadbalancer.server.port=4123

TCP and HTTP

If you declare a TCP Router/Service, it will prevent Traefik from automatically creating an HTTP Router/Service (like it does by default if no TCP Router/Service is defined). You can declare both a TCP Router/Service and an HTTP Router/Service for the same elastic service (but you have to do so manually).

TCP Routers

traefik.tcp.routers.<router_name>.entrypoints

See entry points for more information.

traefik.tcp.routers.mytcprouter.entrypoints=ep1,ep2
traefik.tcp.routers.<router_name>.rule

See rule for more information.

traefik.tcp.routers.mytcprouter.rule=HostSNI(`example.com`)
traefik.tcp.routers.<router_name>.service

See service for more information.

traefik.tcp.routers.mytcprouter.service=myservice
traefik.tcp.routers.<router_name>.tls

See TLS for more information.

traefik.tcp.routers.mytcprouter.tls=true
traefik.tcp.routers.<router_name>.tls.certresolver

See certResolver for more information.

traefik.tcp.routers.mytcprouter.tls.certresolver=myresolver
traefik.tcp.routers.<router_name>.tls.domains[n].main

See domains for more information.

traefik.tcp.routers.mytcprouter.tls.domains[0].main=example.org
traefik.tcp.routers.<router_name>.tls.domains[n].sans

See domains for more information.

traefik.tcp.routers.mytcprouter.tls.domains[0].sans=test.example.org,dev.example.org
traefik.tcp.routers.<router_name>.tls.options

See options for more information.

traefik.tcp.routers.mytcprouter.tls.options=mysoptions
traefik.tcp.routers.<router_name>.tls.passthrough

See TLS for more information.

traefik.tcp.routers.mytcprouter.tls.passthrough=true

TCP Services

traefik.tcp.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.server.port

Registers a port of the application.

traefik.tcp.services.mytcpservice.loadbalancer.server.port=423
traefik.tcp.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.terminationdelay

See termination delay for more information.

traefik.tcp.services.mytcpservice.loadbalancer.terminationdelay=100

UDP

You can declare UDP Routers and/or Services using tags.

Declaring UDP Routers and Services
traefik.udp.routers.my-router.entrypoints=udp
traefik.udp.services.my-service.loadbalancer.server.port=4123

UDP and HTTP

If you declare a UDP Router/Service, it will prevent Traefik from automatically creating an HTTP Router/Service (like it does by default if no UDP Router/Service is defined). You can declare both a UDP Router/Service and an HTTP Router/Service for the same elastic service (but you have to do so manually).

UDP Routers

traefik.udp.routers.<router_name>.entrypoints

See entry points for more information.

traefik.udp.routers.myudprouter.entrypoints=ep1,ep2
traefik.udp.routers.<router_name>.service

See service for more information.

traefik.udp.routers.myudprouter.service=myservice

UDP Services

traefik.udp.services.<service_name>.loadbalancer.server.port

Registers a port of the application.

traefik.udp.services.myudpservice.loadbalancer.server.port=423

Specific Provider Options

traefik.enable

traefik.enable=true

You can tell Traefik to consider (or not) the ECS service by setting traefik.enable to true or false.

This option overrides the value of exposedByDefault.