Docker-compose with let's encrypt : HTTP Challenge¶
This guide aim to demonstrate how to create a certificate with the let's encrypt HTTP challenge to use https on a simple service exposed with Traefik.
Please also read the basic example for details on how to expose such a service.
For the HTTP challenge you will need:
- A publicly accessible host allowing connections on port
443with docker & docker-compose installed.
- A DNS record with the domain you want to expose pointing to this host.
- Create a
docker-compose.ymlon your remote server with the following content:
version: "3.3" services: traefik: image: "traefik:v2.9" container_name: "traefik" command: #- "--log.level=DEBUG" - "--api.insecure=true" - "--providers.docker=true" - "--providers.docker.exposedbydefault=false" - "--entrypoints.web.address=:80" - "--entrypoints.websecure.address=:443" - "--certificatesresolvers.myresolver.acme.httpchallenge=true" - "--certificatesresolvers.myresolver.acme.httpchallenge.entrypoint=web" #- "--certificatesresolvers.myresolver.acme.caserver=https://acme-staging-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory" - "[email protected].com" - "--certificatesresolvers.myresolver.acme.storage=/letsencrypt/acme.json" ports: - "80:80" - "443:443" - "8080:8080" volumes: - "./letsencrypt:/letsencrypt" - "/var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock:ro" whoami: image: "traefik/whoami" container_name: "simple-service" labels: - "traefik.enable=true" - "traefik.http.routers.whoami.rule=Host(`whoami.example.com`)" - "traefik.http.routers.whoami.entrypoints=websecure" - "traefik.http.routers.whoami.tls.certresolver=myresolver"
[email protected]by your own email within the
certificatesresolvers.myresolver.acme.emailcommand line argument of the
whoami.example.comby your own domain within the
traefik.http.routers.whoami.rulelabel of the
Optionally uncomment the following lines if you want to test/debug:
#- "--log.level=DEBUG" #- "--certificatesresolvers.myresolver.acme.caserver=https://acme-staging-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory"
docker-compose up -dwithin the folder where you created the previous file.
- Wait a bit and visit
https://your_own_domainto confirm everything went fine.
If you uncommented the
acme.caserver line, you will get an SSL error, but if you display the certificate and see it was emitted by
Fake LE Intermediate X1 then it means all is good.
(It is the staging environment intermediate certificate used by let's encrypt).
You can now safely comment the
acme.caserver line, remove the
letsencrypt/acme.json file and restart Traefik to issue a valid certificate.
What changed between the basic example:
- We configure a second entry point for the HTTPS traffic:
command: # Traefik will listen to incoming request on the port 443 (https) - "--entrypoints.websecure.address=:443" ports: - "443:443"
- We configure the HTTPS let's encrypt challenge:
command: # Enable a http challenge named "myresolver" - "--certificatesresolvers.myresolver.acme.httpchallenge=true" # Tell it to use our predefined entrypoint named "web" - "--certificatesresolvers.myresolver.acme.httpchallenge.entrypoint=web" # The email to provide to let's encrypt - "[email protected].com"
- We add a volume to store our certificates:
volumes: # Create a letsencrypt dir within the folder where the docker-compose file is - "./letsencrypt:/letsencrypt" command: # Tell to store the certificate on a path under our volume - "--certificatesresolvers.myresolver.acme.storage=/letsencrypt/acme.json"
- We configure the
whoamiservice to tell Traefik to use the certificate resolver named
myresolverwe just configured:
labels: # Uses the Host rule to define which certificate to issue - "traefik.http.routers.whoami.tls.certresolver=myresolver"